IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America hen in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
Early life in Boston Franklin's birthplace on Milk StreetBoston, Massachusetts Franklin's birthplace site directly across from the Old South Meeting House is commemorated by a bust atop the second floor facade of this building.
Among Benjamin's siblings were his older brother James and his younger sister Jane. Josiah wanted Ben to attend school with the clergy, but only had enough money to send him to school for two years.
He attended Boston Latin School but did not graduate; he continued his education through voracious reading.
Although "his parents talked of the church as a career"  for Franklin, his schooling ended when he was ten. He worked for his father for a time, and at 12 he became an apprentice to his brother James, a printer, who taught Ben the printing trade.
When Ben was 15, James founded The New-England Courantwhich was the first truly independent newspaper in the colonies. When denied the chance to write a letter to the paper for publication, Franklin adopted the pseudonym of " Silence Dogood ", a middle-aged widow.
Dogood's letters were published, and became a An introduction to the life of josiah franklin of conversation around town. Neither James nor the Courant's readers were aware of the ruse, and James was unhappy with Ben when he discovered the popular correspondent was his younger brother.
Franklin was an advocate of free speech from an early age. When his brother was jailed for three weeks in for publishing material unflattering to the governor, young Franklin took over the newspaper and had Mrs. Dogood quoting Cato's Letters proclaim: When he first arrived, he worked in several printer shops around town, but he was not satisfied by the immediate prospects.
After a few months, while working in a printing house, Franklin was convinced by Pennsylvania Governor Sir William Keith to go to London, ostensibly to acquire the equipment necessary for establishing another newspaper in Philadelphia. Finding Keith's promises of backing a newspaper empty, Franklin worked as a typesetter in a printer's shop in what is now the Church of St Bartholomew-the-Great in the Smithfield area of London.
Following this, he returned to Philadelphia in with the help of Thomas Denham, a merchant who employed Franklin as clerk, shopkeeper, and bookkeeper in his business. The members created a library initially assembled from their own books after Franklin wrote: A proposition was made by me that since our books were often referr'd to in our disquisitions upon the inquiries, it might be convenient for us to have them altogether where we met, that upon occasion they might be consulted; and by thus clubbing our books to a common library, we should, while we lik'd to keep them together, have each of us the advantage of using the books of all the other members, which would be nearly as beneficial as if each owned the whole.
Franklin conceived the idea of a subscription librarywhich would pool the funds of the members to buy books for all to read. This was the birth of the Library Company of Philadelphia: InFranklin hired the first American librarian, Louis Timothee.
The Library Company is now a great scholarly and research library. InFranklin had set up a printing house in partnership with Hugh Meredith ; the following year he became the publisher of a newspaper called The Pennsylvania Gazette.
The Gazette gave Franklin a forum for agitation about a variety of local reforms and initiatives through printed essays and observations. Over time, his commentary, and his adroit cultivation of a positive image as an industrious and intellectual young man, earned him a great deal of social respect.
But even after Franklin had achieved fame as a scientist and statesman, he habitually signed his letters with the unpretentious 'B. InBen Franklin published the first German-language newspaper in America — Die Philadelphische Zeitung — although it failed after only one year, because four other newly founded German papers quickly dominated the newspaper market.
Although Franklin apparently reconsidered shortly thereafter, and the phrases were omitted from all later printings of the pamphlet, his views may have played a role in his political defeat in In Benjamin Franklin's Journalism, Ralph Frasca argues he saw this as a service to God, because he understood moral virtue in terms of actions, thus, doing good provides a service to God.
Despite his own moral lapses, Franklin saw himself as uniquely qualified to instruct Americans in morality.
He tried to influence American moral life through construction of a printing network based on a chain of partnerships from the Carolinas to New England. Franklin thereby invented the first newspaper chain. It was more than a business venture, for like many publishers since, he believed that the press had a public-service duty.
Franklin quickly did away with all this when he took over the Instructor and made it The Pennsylvania Gazette. The Gazette soon became Franklin's characteristic organ, which he freely used for satire, for the play of his wit, even for sheer excess of mischief or of fun.
From the first, he had a way of adapting his models to his own uses. The series of essays called "The Busy-Body", which he wrote for Bradford's American Mercury infollowed the general Addisonian form, already modified to suit homelier conditions.
The thrifty Patience, in her busy little shop, complaining of the useless visitors who waste her valuable time, is related to the ladies who address Mr. And a number of the fictitious characters, Ridentius, Eugenius, Cato, and Cretico, represent traditional 18th-century classicism. Even this Franklin could use for contemporary satire, since Cretico, the "sowre Philosopher", is evidently a portrait of Franklin's rival, Samuel Keimer.the autobiography of benjamin franklin with introduction and notes edited by charles w.
eliot, l.l.d., p. f. collier & son company, new york (). Benjamin Franklin, born in Boston, Massachusetts, on January 17, , may by his life alone be the most profound statement of what an American strives to be.
Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, but there's a story there, as summarized in this work) was to ascend to the highest ranks in the hearts of his countrymen--from commanding general of the Union forces to President of the United States. 1. From the origin to the formation of atoms (~, years).
2. The formation of galaxies, stars, and planets (~ million years). 3. The creation and evolution of life on Earth (~9 billion years).
4. One of the leading figures of early American history, Benjamin Franklin () was a statesman, author, publisher, scientist, inventor and diplomat. Born into a Boston family of modest means.
JOSIAH B. BAILEY. In the death of Josiah B. Bailey, on November 25, , the community of West Creek township lost one of its most esteemed and worthy citizens, a man of unimpeachable character, of serious mind and worth, and with an influence emanating from his personality that affected not alone his own family and circle of friends but all with whom he came in contact throughout his career.