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Agriculture[ edit ] Major advances in farming made agriculture more productive and freed up people to work in industry. The new mechanisation needed much larger fields — the layout of the British countryside with the patchwork of fields divided by hedgerows that we see today. Industrial Revolution[ edit ] Historians typically date the coming of the Industrial Revolution to Britain in the midth century.
Not only did existing cities grow but small market towns such as ManchesterSheffield and Leeds became cities simply by weight of population.
Middle class and stability[ edit ] The middle class grew rapidly in the 18th century, especially in the cities. The merchant class prospered with imperial trade. Wahrman argues that the new urban elites included two types: By the s a self-proclaimed middle British social history essay, with a particular sociocultural self-perception, had emerged.
Religion[ edit ] Historians have emphasized the importance of religion, including the domination of the Anglican establishment. BaptistsCongregationalistsMethodistsand Quakers were all allowed to pray freely.
These groups took the opportunity of the expanding empire and set up in the Thirteen Colonieswhere they expanded rapidly after the First Great Awakening.
In response to the religious and moral apathy of the common people, Methodist preachers set up societies divided into classes—intimate meetings where individuals were encouraged to confess their sins to one another and to build each other up. They also British social history essay part in love feasts which allowed for the sharing of testimony and mutual surveillance of moral behavior.
The success of Methodist revivals in reaching the poor and working classes concentrated their attention on spiritual goals rather than political grievances. The language and self images of people are the chief targets of cultural studies.
Of special importance is the concept of an emerging consumer society.
Studies of middle- and upper-class manners, tastes, and fashions have proliferated, along with studies of gender, and national, and racial identities. It can even be argued that these changes eclipsed the massive shifts in society during the 20th century; certainly many of the developments of the 20th century have their roots in the 19th.
The technology of the Industrial Revolution had a great impact on society. Inventions not only introduced new industries for employment, but the products and services produced also altered society. Culturally there was a transition away from the rationalism of the Georgian period and toward romanticism and mysticism with regard to religion, social values, and the arts.
The status of the poor is one area in which huge changes occurred. Both writers held a fascination for people, society and the details of everyday life but in Austen the poor are almost absent, mainly because they were still the rural poor, remote and almost absent from the minds of the middle classes.
For Dickens, only a few years later, the poor were his main subject, as he had partly suffered their fate. The poor now were an unavoidable part of urban society and their existence and plight could not be ignored.
Industrialisation made large profits for the entrepreneurs of the times, and their success was in contrast not only to the farm workers who were in competition with imported produce but also to the aristocracy whose landowning wealth was now becoming less significant than business wealth.
The British class system created an intricate hierarchy of people which contrasted the new and old rich, the skilled and unskilled, the rural and urban and many more.
The army was called to the areas of Luddite activity such as Lancashire and Yorkshire and for a time there were more British soldiers controlling the Luddites than fighting Napoleon in Spain. The squalid, dangerous and oppressive conditions of many of the new Victorian factories and the surrounding communities which rose to service them became important issues of discontent, and the workers began to form trade unions to get their working conditions addressed.
The most widely known case was that of the Tolpuddle Martyrs ofan early attempt at a union whose members were tried on a spurious charge, found guilty and transported to Australia. The sentence was challenged and they were released shortly afterwards, but unions were still threatened.
It was not until the formation of the TUC in and the passing of the Trade Union Act that union membership became reasonably legitimate. Many pieces of legislation were passed to improve working conditions, including the Ten Hours Act to reduce working hours, and these culminated in the Factory Act Beginning in and lasting untilmany farmers and rural workers were hard-pressed for a stable income.
With the decline in wheat prices and land productivity many countrymen were left looking for any hope of prosperity. Although the British parliament gave substantial aid to farmers and laborers, many still complained that rents were too high, wages too low, and the hours laborers were required to work were too long for their income.Historical Developments Of Social Work In Britain History Essay.
Print Reference this In trying to understand the origins of British social work it is important to acknowledge the social-political and economic climate prevailing at a given historical period.
The essay has explored the history and development of social work highlighting. The Colonization of Africa homelessness, social displacement from rural areas, and so on.
These social problems developed partly because not all people could be absorbed by the new capitalist industries. This was the approach used by the Igbo of southeastern Nigeria against the British.
Even though the British imperialists swept through. By the eve of the American Revolution, colonists had embraced a new identity – completely different from their English roots – that helped fuel their resistance against Britain; however, plagued by petty disagreements and discouraged by the large Loyalist population, the Americans were never able to effectively unite against the British.
Database of FREE History essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample History essays!
GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY Thursday, June 17, — to p.m., only Part III B contains one essay question based on the documents. Write your Base your answer to question 9 on the map below and . First of all we ought to ask, What constitutes a good history essay? Probably no two people will completely agree, if only for the very good reason that quality is in the eye – and reflects the intellectual state – of the reader.