Edited at 7 p. Updated on July 16 6 p.
The old Mexica city that is now simply referred to as Tenochtitlan was built on an island in the center of the inland lake system of the Valley of Mexicowhich it shared with a smaller city-state called Tlatelolco.
For three months, the city suffered from the lack of food and water as well as the spread of smallpox brought by the Europeans.
The first Spanish viceroy arrived in Mexico City fourteen years later. By that time, the city had again become a city-statehaving power that extended far beyond its borders.
List of oldest structures in Mexico City The city had been the capital of the Aztec empire and in the colonial era, Mexico City became the capital of New Spain.
The existing central place of the Aztecs was effectively and permanently transformed to the ceremonial center and seat of power during the colonial period, and remains to this day in modern Mexico, the central place of the nation.
The rebuilding of the city after the siege of Tenochtitlan was accomplished by the abundant indigenous labor in the surrounding area.
Franciscan friar Toribio de Benavente Motoliniaone of the Twelve Apostles of Mexico who arrived in New Spain indescribed the rebuilding of the city as one of the afflictions or plagues of the early period: The seventh plague was the construction of the great City of Mexico, which, during the early years used more people than in the construction of Jerusalem.
The crowds of laborers were so numerous that one could hardly move in the streets and causeways, although they are very wide. Many died from being crushed by beams, or falling from high places, or in tearing down old buildings for new ones.
The causeways were rebuilt under Spanish rule with indigenous labor. Chapultepec Castle inside Chapultepec park Colonial Spanish cities were constructed on a grid pattern, if no geographical obstacle prevented it.
The Spanish lived in the area closest to the main square in what was known as the traza, in orderly, well laid-out streets. Indian residences were outside that exclusive zone and houses were haphazardly located.
It was also the site of two major riots in the seventeenth century, one inthe other in As the depth of the lake water fluctuated, Mexico City was subject to periodic flooding. Floods were not only an inconvenience but also a health hazard, since during flood periods human waste polluted the city's streets.
By draining the area, the mosquito population dropped as did the frequency of the diseases they spread. However, draining the wetlands also changed the habitat for fish and birds and the areas accessible for Indian cultivation close to the capital.
Although the Spanish crown tried to completely regulate all commerce in the city, it had only partial success. Spaniards encountered a society in which the concept of nobility mirrored that of their own.
Spaniards respected the indigenous order of nobility and added to it. In the ensuing centuries, possession of a noble title in Mexico did not mean one exercised great political power, for one's power was limited even if the accumulation of wealth was not.
Most of these families proved their worth by making fortunes in New Spain outside of the city itself, then spending the revenues in the capital, building churches, supporting charities and building extravagant palatial homes. The craze to build the most opulent residence possible reached its height in the last half of the 18th century.
Many of these palaces can still be seen today, leading to Mexico City's nickname of "The city of palaces" given by Alexander Von Humboldt.
The Battle of Guanajuato, the first major engagement of the insurgency, occurred four days later. After a decade of war, Mexico's independence from Spain was effectively declared in the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire on September 27, Texcoco and then Toluca became the capital of the State of Mexico.Cirque du Soleil is committed to facilitating the accessibility and usability of its website.
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