Several different systems of citation are in use in various academic communities such as footnotes and endnotesbut APA Style uses a kind of parenthetical referencing called the author—date system. Basic In-Text Citation Style As the name author—date system implies, APA Style in-text citations include the author and date, either both inside parentheses or with the author names in running text and the date in parentheses. Here are two examples:
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page.
Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page.
APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose.
Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Do not use titles Dr. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above.
Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract.
To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chartstill include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab.APA's Publication Manual, 6th Edition, provides complete style guidelines and should be consulted first in all matters concerning APA Style ®, but these FAQs will help clarify frequent areas of lausannecongress2018.com might also want to search the APA Style blog.
APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association (APA) and is commonly used to cite sources in psychology, education, and the social sciences. The APA style originated in a article published in Psychological Bulletin that laid out the basic guidelines. In-text citation: The American Nurses Association () issued a position statement insisting that pharmaceutical companies immediately cease using thimerosal as a vaccine preservative.
Why we include parenthetical / in-text citations: Researchers include brief parenthetical citations in their writing to acknowledge references to other people’s work.
Generally, APA parenthetical citations include the last name of the author and year of publication. Page numbers are also included when citing a direct quote. If some of this information [ ].
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This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must. Software to format papers in APA style or MLA style and properly create APA references or MLA references: Software by PERRLA – PERRLA for APA and PERRLA for MLA - lausannecongress2018.com