To evaluate the efficiency of occupational therapy relative to a home program in improving quality of life QoL among men who were treated for metastatic prostate cancer MPC.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract We aimed to evaluate the short-term effects of community-based occupational therapy on health-related quality of life and engagement in meaningful activities among women with breast cancer.
An Study on the effects of occupational therapy label randomized controlled trial study design was applied. The participants were members of various societies of women with cancer. In total, 22 women have participated in the study.
Participants of the experimental group participated in a 6-week community-based occupational therapy program and the usual activities of various societies, whereas the control group women participated in the usual activities of the societies only. Participants of both groups were assessed for health-related quality of life and the participants of the experimental group were assessed for engagement in meaningful activities.
The evaluation was carried out during the nonacute period of the disease—at the beginning of the study and after 6 weeks.
Women of the experimental group demonstrated statistically significantly better scores in the global quality of life, role functions, physical, emotional, cognitive, and social functions, fatigue, insomnia, financial impact, systemic therapy side effects, and breast symptoms scales compared to the control group participants after the 6 weeks, as measured by the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire and its breast cancer module QLQ-BR Furthermore, women of the experimental group demonstrated significant greater engagement in meaningful activities when applying community-based occupational therapyas measured by using the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey EMAS.
Introduction On the global scale, cancer causes one-seventh of all deaths. According to the most recent estimates, there have been over 14 million new cases of cancer and over 8 million deaths from cancer registered worldwide, and it is expected that, due to the increasing numbers and aging of the population, these numbers will increase to, accordingly, Breast cancer, defined by the National Cancer Institute as cancer forming in breast tissues, is the most common malignant tumor among women and in as many as 19 out of 21 regions it is the leading cause of death among women in both the developed and the developing countries [ 2 — 4 ].
In European countries, breast cancer is also the most frequently diagnosed malignant tumor in women, and the prevalence of this disease has been increasing in most countries over the last decades [ 36 ]. Despite the continuous improvement in the diagnostic and treatment techniques, breast cancer remains one of the most common cancers among women in Lithuania as well as in the rest of the world in Lithuania, breast cancer is currently the second most common cancer after skin cancer melanoma and is undoubtedly their most urgent health problem.
Even though survival rates in Lithuania are among the lowest, the overall situation is improving: Unfortunately, the completion of breast cancer treatment does not mean the end of the disease [ 8 ]. Healthcare institutions with all the necessary services and specialists ensure integrated assistance to breast cancer patients.
However, after discharge, women frequently experience emotional stress because of short-term or long-term adverse effects of the therapy, the risk of recurrence, difficulty getting information about their health status and its possible changes, financial problems, difficulty getting back to work, impaired sexual life, and so forth.
Improving survival rates and the risk of late-onset adverse reactions increase the need for healthcare and rehabilitation services on the community level [ 3910 ]. Consequently, quality of life questions related to the financial impact of the disease, concern about the future of the family, fear of disease recurrence, insufficient preparation for possible late-onset adverse reactions to the treatment, and possible changes in social support become increasingly relevant [ 11 ].
Today, it is the field of health-related quality of life that is being most actively developed in Lithuania as well as abroad [ 12 ].
The impact of the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer differs depending on the patient, resulting in varying numbers and degrees of physical and psychological sequelae.
Despite the fact that the combined effect of breast cancer and its treatment may manifest themselves at any moment and last for a very long time, it is essential for the patients to resume their daily roles as soon as possible after the completion of the treatment and this is where the role of the occupational therapist is especially important [ 14 ].
According to Pergolotti et al. Engagement in purposeful activities contributes to the satisfaction of the need for the meaningfulness of life, but only if this activity motivates the person, is interesting, can be successfully completed, and helps to achieve other significant aims.
Purposeful activities have been recognized as directly affecting the quality of life, and thus an important task when working with a patient is to clarify which activities are important for him or her.
Occupational therapists strive to and can help cancer patients live a meaningful life, be self-sufficient, participate in activities, be able to manage themselves and others, engage in work, leisure, and health promotion activities, and be a part of social groups and the family [ 16 ].
No similar research was found and we were the first in Lithuania who made a study analyzing changes in health-related quality of life, engagement in meaningful activities, and its associations among breast cancer patients when applying occupational therapy in the field of community healthcare.
Consequently, all these reasons have affected the following aim of the study:The Annals of International Occupational Therapy is a quarterly peer-reviewed journal that includes original articles that focus on research as related to the clinical practice of occupational.
Students in occupational therapy degree programs can expect to take courses in human anatomy, kinesiology, neuroscience and patient evaluation. Additionally, students are expected to complete fieldwork under the supervision of an experienced occupational therapist.
Effect of Occupational Therapy–Led Playgroups in Early Intervention on Child Playfulness and Caregiver Responsiveness: A Repeated-Measures Design You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the literature. Current trends in occupational therapy assessment tools in Korean pediatric occupational therapy. E. M. Jo, E. Y. Yoo A systematic review of the effects of occupational therapy for persons with dementia: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Recent studies . Currently, ACOTE does not require the inclusion of CHAIH content in occupational therapy curricula; however, it is the position of the AOTA that the philosophical background and the client-centered approach of the occupational therapy profession support the use of CHAIH modalities in practice (Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education, ; American Occupational Therapy .
Brief Report—The effects of collaborative goal-focused occupational therapy on self- care skills: A pilot study. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 57, – Effect of Occupational Therapy–Led Playgroups in Early Intervention on Child Playfulness and Caregiver Responsiveness: A Repeated-Measures Design You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the literature.
The results of this study will be used to form the basis for subsequent research on the therapeutic influence of the weighted blanket with adults during an acute inpatient mental health admission.
Exploring the Safety and Therapeutic Effects of Deep Pressure Stimulation Using a Weighted Blanket: Occupational Therapy in Mental Health: Vol 24, No 1. Course requirements for OT Occupational Therapy Practice and Professional Reasoning, include a capstone experience in which students synthesize knowledge from academic coursework and fieldwork experiences to develop an innovative occupational therapy program that addresses the needs of a specific population or program.